The Dental Council of Thailand's Standards for Dental Professionals
Dental professionals must possess the required qualifications for members of the Dental Council specified in the Dental Profession Act B. E. 2537 (1994) as well as the appropriate attributes and professional competencies.
The standards for dental professionals have been formulated in compliance with the standards of professional competencies. It is used to determine the goals and directions of dental education development at the bachelor degree level and the development of the dental profession.
Professional competencies are the ability that new graduate dentists have in order to practice as a general dentist. They are composed of 3 components - the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of good dentists.
The Dental Council of Thailand's standards for dental professionals have been prepared as a guideline for the evaluation of professional knowledge and competencies of new graduate dentists who wish to register as a dental professional. They also provide the knowledge test framework for dental professional license application and a guideline for the instruction in dentistry in various educational institutes. The standards are, however, not the actual professional standards under the implication of the Dental Council of Thailand's regulations on the Code of Conduct for Dental Professionals B.E. 2538 (1995).
Glossary of Key Words
Recognize means to perceive and identify, to realize and be able to identify the impact of an apparent patient management issue or incident.
Manage means being able to evaluate patients' and dentists' circumstances, statuses and conditions, to provide initial diagnosis, to arrange for patients' care and/or treatment, which can range from no intervention to obtaining advice from physician and/or dentist, making a referral, providing initial treatment before making a referral, and providing treatment on one's own.
Practicable/treatable/performable means being able to practice without committing any serious mistake within an appropriate period of time.
Appropriate level means the level of practice that offers maximum benefits to patients with consideration to the relevant facts, status, practitioner, location and circumstances.
1. Conduct oneself in a virtuous and ethical manner and in accordance with the codes of conduct for dental professionals.
2. Conduct oneself with integrity, honesty and responsibility. Uphold the dental professionals' dignity.
3. Observe professional rules, regulations and laws.
4. Recognize and put patients' interests and rights first. Provide care and treatment services to patients with humane compassion and in compliance with the professional principles.
5. Recognize the limitations and competency level of oneself and make appropriate referral.
6. Conduct proper patient interview, dialogue, explanation or discussion in order to provide appropriate care that best suits patient's needs and expectations, in compliance with the accepted academic principles.
7. Communicate and interact with patients, colleagues and the public in a polite, gentle and respectful manner.
8. Recognize the importance of life-long education and continuing personal development in maintaining high quality patient care.
9. Use good judgement in searching, evaluating and analyzing various sources of data and applying them to achieve proper patient care.
10. Participate in and recognize the importance of making contribution to the development of various professional bodies.
11. Personal development of knowledge through studying, investigating and researching up-to-date academic and technological progress in dentistry with enjoyment, curiosity and recognition of their importance.
2: Basic knowledge
12. Knowledgeable and capable of applying basic medical and clinical sciences and dental health research findings to the practice of dental profession in compliance with the correct academic principles.
3: Clinical skills
13. Provide proper patient examination in different circumstances and for different problems through the use of basic instruments, laboratory examination, radiographic examination and other forms of examination with consideration to their suitability and cost effectiveness.
14. Evaluate patients' medical and dental conditions for correct diagnosis and keeping of accurate patient medical records in compliance with international standards.
15. Keep accurate, systematic and continuous patient medical records in compliance with international standards.
16. Correctly interpret data from patients' medical history, examination, pathological examination, laboratory examination, radiographic examination and other forms of examination.
17. Conduct initial dental diagnosis and differential diagnosis to form hypothesis for subsequent diagnostic analysis.
18. Identify the causes and risk factors of a disease as well as factors affecting disease prevention and treatment.
19. Set up appropriate dental treatment plans, procedures, alternatives and prognosis of patient problems. Adjust dental treatment plans to suit patients' medical problems and other constraints. Apply holistic approach and appropriate treatment participation measures for each patient.
20. Consult other medical professionals in the event of patients' abnormality or related medical problems in order to make proper patient referral.
Oral treatment and rehabilitation
21. Recognize the importance of the prevention and management of infection, the spread of infection and dangers that may occur in dental practice.
22. Recognize and provide appropriate basic management of medical emergencies that may happen to dental patients.
23. Capable of providing basis resuscitation.
24. Capable of managing dental complications such as acute pain, oral bleeding, oral injury and oral infection.
25. Appropriate management of patients' pain and anxiety.
26. Select and administer medication and anesthetics based on their indications and patients' treatment plans as well as properly manage their problems or side effects.
27. Provide appropriate level of oral surgery.
28. Recognize and manage proper treatment for patients with oral and maxillofacial surgery problems. 29. Provide appropriate level of periodontics treatment.
30. Provide appropriate level of endodontic treatment.
31. Provide appropriate level of restorative dentistry.
32. Recognize patients with abnormal growth and development of skulls, facial bones, jaws and periodontal problems.
33. Recognize patients with disease or abnormality of oral mucosa and manage provide proper treatment for patients.
34. Recognize patients with disease or abnormality of the masticatory system, oral and facial pains and manage proper treatment for patients.
35. Provide appropriate level of restoration for gums with partly or totally missing teeth through the use of permanent or temporary dentures.
36. Advice patients who want to have dental implants on appropriate form of treatment.
37. Provide dental management for patients who need hospital care.
Evaluating treatment outcome
38. Monitor and evaluate treatment outcome in accordance with the practice guideline for each form of treatment.
4: Oral health promotion
39. Capable of providing oral health care for the public on an individual basis using the concept of holistic health care.
40. Capable of promoting oral health of the public on a family or community basis using the concepts of health promotion, disease prevention, and public health management.
41. Recognize the oral health status and importance of the health service systems in Thailand.